maandag 12 oktober 2015
Albert Brumley wrote "If We Never Meet Again" during WWII when young men he knew would go off to fight and never return. During those years it became a comfort for families who lost loved ones in the war.
The melody reminds me a bit of "The Prisoner's Song" / "Blue Eyes" / "Wild Side Of Life" song cluster, which I posted some time ago: http://jopiepopie.blogspot.nl/2013/12/prisoners-song-1925-blue-eyes-1927.html
"The Prisoner's Song" was also the inspiration for Albert Brumley to write one of his greatest successes: "I'll Fly Away". http://www.bobdylanroots.com/illfly.html
"If We Never Meet Again" was written in 1945 and published by Stamps Quartet Music Co. and enclosed in the "Divine Praise" songbook (1945).
Frank Stamps set up the Stamps Quartet Music Company as a rival to his brother V. O. Stamps' very successful Stamps-Baxter Music Company.
The "Divine Praise" from 1945 was the first collection from Frank's new company. It came only as a shaped note version, to be used in that largely Southern music tradition.
Possibly the first recording from late 1945 or early 1946
(o) Blackwood Brothers Quartet (1945/1946)
The Blackwood Brothers recorded the song again early 1947
Released on White Church 1059 and Christian Education Service 1059
(c) Brown's Ferry Four (1947)
Recorded October 1946 Radio Recorders, 7000 Santa Monica Blvd., Hollywood, CA -
Brown’s Ferry Four (Grandpa Jones [vcl/gt], Red Foley [vcl/bass], Alton Delmore [vcl/gt], Rabon Delmore [vcl/gt])
Released on King 577
(c) Stamps Quartet (1947)
Released on an album of three 78's: "Bibletone presents The Stamps Quartet"
"If We Never Meet Again" is on the A-side of the first 78: Bibletone SW 3001-A
(c) All American Quartet (1947)
Earl Terry, Bob Crews, C.R. Melton, Gordon Hill, Alice Melton
Released on (Sacred Records SS-503):
(same songs released as Sacred Records J-146).
(c) Dixie Four (1947)
Melvin Doss, Gene Lowery, Loyal Green, Olen Dunn, Herschel Collins
Released on (TruTone Records DF-1):
(also released as TruTone 1001)
(c) Herschel Foshee and His Stamps-Baxter Quartet 1948 ?
"If We Never Meet Again" / "A City Called Heaven"
Released on White Church 1070
(c) Charlie Monroe & His Kentucky Pardners (1948) (as "If We'd Ever Meet Again")
Recorded November 7, 1947 RCA Victor Studio, 155 East 24th St., Manhattan, New York City – Charlie Monroe & His Kentucky Pardners
Charlie Monroe [vcl/gt], Rex Henderson [gt], Orne Osborne [gt/mandolin], Red Rector [mandolin], Charles Grean [bass]. Producer: Charles Grean)
Released on Victor 20-2961.
The same recording was re-released in 1950 with a slightly different title "If We Never Meet Again"
(c) Chuck Wagon Gang (1949)
Rosa Lola Lee "Rose" Carter Karnes (soprano vcl),Effie Juanita "Anna" Carter Gordon (alto vcl),David P. "Dad" Carter (tenor vcl),Ernest "Jim" Carter (bass vcl/gt).
Recorded 16 December 1948 poss. Merchandise Mart, Dallas, TX
Released on the Columbia label # 20537):
(c) Maddox Brothers and Rose (1951)
Maddox Brothers and Rose
Rose Maddox [vcl], Maddox Trio [vcl], Gene Breeden or Roy Ernest Nichols [ld gt], John Calvin “Cal” Maddox [rh gt], Henry Ford Maddox [mandolin], Fred Roscoe Maddox [bass], Kenneth Chalmer “Don” Maddox [fiddle],
Recorded ca. October 1950 Radio Recorders, 7000 Santa Monica Blvd., Hollywood, CA –
Released on 4-Star #1553
PS This might be another song, because comoser-credits read: "Stevenson" (and Publisher: "4 Star Sales BMI". But I didn't find a sound clip, so I couldn't compare.
(c) The Statesmen with Hovie Lister (1959)
Recorded March 1959 RCA Victor Studio, Nashville, TN –
Producer: Chet Atkins
Released on the album "I'll Meet You By The River" (RCA LPM-2065) (an album with 12 compositions by Albert E. Brumley)
(c) Elvis Presley (1960)
Recorded October 30, 1960 RCA Studio B - Nashville, Tennessee
Released on the album His Hand In Mine (RCA Victor LSP-2328)
(c) Thory Bernhards (1961) (as "Om Vi Aldrig Möts Igen")
Swedish lyrics by Leopold (= Stig Anderson)
(c) Lolita (1962) (as "Ein Lied Klingt Durch Das Tal")
German lyrics Fini Busch
(c) Eddie Bond (1962)
Recorded January 29, 1962 Echo Studio, Manassa Ave., Memphis, TN -
Eddie Bond , John Hughey [steel], Toomstone Hawkins [bass], Morris Tarant [drums], Gilber Mickle [fiddle/mandoline], Jimmy Smith [piano], vocal chorus. Producer: Len Rossi and Eddie Bond)
Released on the album Eddie Bond - Sings Greatest Country Gospel Hits (Phillips International PILP 1980-A-5)
(c) Stanley Brothers (1962)
Recorded May 4, 1962 King Recording Studio, Cincinnati, OH -
Carter Stanley [vcl/gt], Ralph Stanley [vcl/banjo], George Shuffler [vcl/gt], Henry Dockery [bass], Ralph Mayo [fiddle])
Recorded May 4, 1962
Released on the album Good Old Camp Meeting Songs (King Label #805)
(c) Johnny Cash (1962)
Recorded April 27, 1961 at the Bradley Film and Recording Studio, Nashville, TN –
Johnny Cash [vcl/gt], Luther Perkins [el gt], Ray Edenton [gt], Marshall Grant [bass], W.S. Holland [drums], Floyd Cramer [piano], Bill Pursell [organ], Marvin Hughes [vibes] + vocal chorus. Producer: Don Law and Frank Jones
Johnny Cash recorded the song again around 1993-1994, only to be released two months after his death in 2003.
(c) Jerry Lee Lewis (1970)
Recorded October 5 1970 Monument Recording Studio, Nashvile 3, TN –
Jerry Lee Lewis, Harold Bradley, Ray Edenton, Buck Hutcheson, Jerry Kennedy, Chip Young, Ned Davis, Bob Moore, Buddy Harman, Kenneth Lovelace + Jordanaires.
Producer: Jerry Lee and Linda Gail Lewis)
(c) Dolly Parton (1969)
Sung live in TV in the Porter Wagoner Show.
(c) Merle Haggard (1971)
Recorded November 22, 1970 Live at Big Creek Baptist Church, Millingham. TN
Merle Haggard + Carter Family.
Producer: George Richey
(c) Leon Redbone (1977)
Released on the album "Double Time".
The Dixie Hummingbirds (Ira Tucker sr., James Walker, James Davis, Beachy Thompson) - backing vocals
Beachy Thompson - background whistling
(c) Tammy Wynette (1977) (as "If We Never LOVE Again")
Recorded ca. December 1976 Columbia Recording Studio, Nashville, TN – Producer: Billy Sherrill
Adapted lyrics written by Paul Richey, Silvia Richey and Theresa Beaty
More versions: Southern Gospel History | I / If We Never Meet Again
NOT TO BE CONFUSED with "If We Never Meet Again" written by Louis Armstrong and Horace Gerlach in 1936.
zondag 4 oktober 2015
Keep Yo' Hand On The Plow Hold On (1930) / Hold On (1944) / Gospel Plow (1962) / (Keep Your) Eyes On The Prize (1960's)
"Keep Your Hand(s) On The Plow" (also known as "Hold On"and "Gospel Plow") is a traditional American folk song. It is listed in the Roud Folk Song Index, number 10075. The title is biblical, based on Luke 9:62.
It was transformed as far back as the 1940’s into a political song, and in the 1960's was used as the basis for the famous anthem "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize", which was often sung at civil rights rallies in the sixties.
The lyrics to this modern Civil Rights version of the song, "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize" are often attributed to Alice Wine from Johns Island, South Carolina. Mrs. Wine was a member of the Moving Star Hall and the Progressive Club on Johns Island.
It is doubtful that Mrs. Wine actually composed the lyrics herself. More likely she had heard the revised refrain and variations on the verses of the older song from the congregation at the praise hall.
The leading Paul and Silas-stanzas in the modern "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize" lyrics were already present in some versions of the older "Keep Your Hand on the Plow."
Mrs Wine is credited by Candie Carawan only with having passed onto Guy Carawan the revision of the title from "Keep Your Hand on the Plow" to "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize."
Our Singing Country shows these Paul and Silas stanzas were already in use in 1949 and before.
The earliest documented reference to the older song, "Gospel Plow," is in Alan Lomax's 1949 book "Our Singing Country" (page 44-45)
The book above references a 1937 recording by Elihu Trusty of Paintsville, Kentucky, which is in the Library of Congress (Ref No .1397 A1).
Lomax's references for Gospel Plow also cite two earlier works. The first is from Vol 2 of English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians published in 1932,
In this book by Cecil J. Sharp a version, which was "sung by girls at Oneida School, Ky., Aug. 18, 1917." is mentioned on page. 292; with music).
Notes (by Karpeles?) say "This ... is a 'Holiness' hymn. It is evidently influenced by negro spirituals." (page 412)
The second reference is to a 1928 book, American Negro Folk-Songs, which shows an African-American heritage for the original song.
Newman I. White recorded "Keep yo' hand on the gospel plow" in his American Negro Folk-Songs ((1928; reprint ed., [1964?], p. 115; no title is given; text only).
It was "reported from Durham, N.C., 1925, MS. of N.I. White. From Creedmore, N.C., as sung by Ed Lloyd, who says there are several stanzas."
Keep yo' hand on the gospel plow,
Wouldn't take nothin' for my journey now, Holy Ghost.
Keep yo' hand on the gospel plow,
Hold on, hold on,
Keep yo' hand on the gospel plow,
Didn't come here for to stay always,
Just come here to fill my place.
I got a mother in the promised land,
Never shall rest till I shake her hand.
Also see the next links:
The first recording I could find:
(o) Hall Johnson Negro Choir (1930) (as "Keep Yo' Hand on the Plow, Hold On")
Recorded August 12, 1930 in New York in 24th St. Studio.
Released on Victor 36020
As I said above "Gospel Plow" was transformed in the 1940’s into a political song: "Hold On"
Around 1942, versions begin to appear with a new text, referring to the incipient United Nations, and the need for solidarity in the struggle against fascism. The message changed: from ‘keep the faith’, to ‘keep up the fight’, and "Keep Your Hands On The Plow" becomes "Keep Your Hand On That Gun". In the 1960s there was a similar re-texting — ‘Keep your hand on the plow’ becomes ‘Keep your eyes on the prize’, a rallying cry for civil rights.
(c) Union Boys (1944) (as "Hold On")
Members: Josh White, Burl Ives, Tom Glazer, Alan Lomax, Pete Seeger, Brownie McGhee and Sonny Terry.
The Union Boys was a high powered group brought into the studio in March 1944 by Alan Lomax (1915-2002) to record a number of labor-oriented songs. They never performed publicly as a group. Some of the songs were issued by Asch Records as Songs For Victory,
Recorded New York City, March 11, 1944
The album Songs For Victory (Music For Political action) was released on the Asch-label #346.
(c) Laura Duncan, Ernie Lieberman, Betty Sanders & Osborne Smith 1952
Recorded in New York on January 31, 1952
Released on the Hootenanny-label #105
(c) Frank Warner (1952) (as "Keep Your Hand On The Plow")
Released on the album "American Folk Songs and Ballads" (Elektra-label EKLP 3)
(c) Folksmiths (1958) (as "Hold On (Keep Your Hand On The Plow)"
Released on the album "We've Got Some Singing To Do"
(c) The Folk Singers (1958)
(c) Gateway Singers (1958)
(c) Mahalia Jackson with the Duke Ellington Orchestra (as "Keep Your Hand on the Plow")
Recorded at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1958.
Just now I realize how much the Duke's "It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing") is indebted to "Keep Your Hands On The Plow"
(c) Pete Seeger (with audience) (1959) (as "United Nations Make A Chain")
Recorded September 1959 at Carnegie Hall, NY
(c) Odetta (1960) (as "Hold On")
Recorded live in concert at Carnegie Hall on April 8, 1960
featured support from Bill Lee on string bass. ( Bill Lee ==> father of Spike Lee)
(c) The Montgomery Gospel Trio, The Nashville Quartet, and Guy Carawan (1961) (as "Hold On")
Recorded in 1961 and released on Folkways Records FH 5591
(c) Pete Seeger with Memphis Slim and Willie Dixon (1962) (as "Hold On")
Recorded in 1960 Live at the Village Gate
Released in 1962 on Folkways FA 2451
(c) Pete Seeger 1961 (as "Hold On")
Released August 1961 on the album Sing Out With Pete! (Folkways 2455)
(c) Bob Dylan (1962) (as "Gospel Plow")
It was around this time that the traditional "Keep Your Hand On The Plow" was transformed into the Civil Rights Protest song "Keep Your Eyes On The Prize". As I said above it is not exactly clear who is responsible for this transformation, but Alice Wine is generally credited for this, though she probably only passed the transformed lyrics to Guy Carawan.
(c) Pete Seeger and the SNCC Freedom Singers (1963)
Pete Seeger has recorded EYES ON THE PRIZE live with the SNCC Freedom Singers at his 1963 Carnegie Hall concert. It can now be found on: We Shall Overcome: The Complete Carnegie Hall Recording June 8, 1963 (1989 - Columbia 45312)
(c) Len Chandler (Guitar & vocal), Joan Baez (Backing Vocal), Stuart Scharf (Guitar & Backing Vocal), Bob Dylan (Guitar, Unenthusiastic Backing Vocal)
(as "Keep Your Eyes On The Prize (Hold On)")
Recorded at National Mall/Lincoln Memorial Washington, DC August 28, 1963
The song is at 16 min in the next YT
(c) James Orange and Protestors (1965) (medley Which Side Are You On / Keep Your Eye On The Prize
(c) Peggy Lee (1968) (as "Hand On The Plow")
Listen to a sample here:
(c) Screaming Trees (1996) (as "Gospel Plow")
(c) Sweet Honey In The Rock (2000) (as "Eyes On The Prize (Hold On)")
Performed on the Original Motion Picture Soundtrack "Freedom Song"
(c) Bruce Springsteen (2006) (as "Eyes On The Prize")
Recorded on January 21, 2006 at the third of the three Seeger Sessions.
(c) Mavis Staples (2007) (as "Eyes On The Prize")
(c) Joss Stone (2009) (as "Eyes On The Prize")
Performed on the Original Soundtrack of the movie "Soundtrack For A Revolution".
Songs called “Paul and Silas” were recorded in 1928 by the South Carolina Quartette, in 1932 by Snowball and Sunshine (unissued), and in 1933 by the Diamond Four, but these songs are not part of the songcluster in this post.
And another song called "Paul and Silas" recorded by Josh White in 1935 and the Stanley Brothers a.o. is also not part of this songcluster.